Classroom management encompasses issues pertaining to classroom supervision and academic discipline. The behavior of students in a classroom can vary from individual to individual. Some cases may not require any intervention, while others may require strict action on disciplinary grounds. Instances of rudeness towards the faculty by students are on rise, and in such circumstances, the onus is on the teachers to make sure that the class is well behaved.
First of all, the teacher has to understand that the students in the class come from different walks of life. Even they have problems of their own; some can deal with them, while some can't. Stress and conflicts are prominent in their lives as well. Though they come to school to learn, there is a list of activities they have in their mind, which―according to them―are way more exciting than sitting in the classroom. It's important that you as a teacher make the class exciting, so that your students can have fun while they learn.
So, How Do You Make the Class Interesting?
Doesn't matter if the class is just for half an hour, if you go on speaking and students only listen, then things are bound to get boring. It's important that the students actively participate in the learning process, thus making it an interactive session ... instead of a dull lecture.
As a teacher, you can plan a few activities in the classroom, which will make children get up from their seat and interact with you as well as fellow students. Don't forget that the students have a lot of pent up energy. Avoid taking the class for the full forty-five minutes. You can ensure that the last 10 minutes of the class time are spent in discussions.
You need to make it a point to talk to your students, not just in the classroom or school, but outside as well. When you come across any student in the cafeteria or grocery store, do greet them. If any student has excelled in a particular sport or event, appreciate him or her. Praise their sincere efforts and tell them how they should go on with it. This will make the students feel that you understand them, the result of which will reflect on their performance.
How Do You Deal with Disruptive Behavior?
Students tend to be naughty, and at times, this can disrupt the momentum of the entire class. In such a situation, you might get irritated and yell at them at the top of your voice. However, that won't be of much help. If at all, you will yourself end up disturbing other students. A wise thing to do would be to go and stand near that particular student's desk. It will automatically send him a signal that you want him to stop whatever he is doing and pay attention to you.
In most likelihood, it will work, but even if it doesn't, you don't need to panic. You can take the student outside the class or even better, talk to him after the class. Confronting him in front of the entire class will be a bit humiliating. It is more likely to make him more defiant. In contrast, talking to him after the class will make him feel that you understand him. If neither of this works, then you might have no option but to send the student to the principal.
Some Dos and Don'ts
- Never use verbal or physical threats when dealing with students. More importantly, never get involved into a confrontation in front of the class.
- Students look at teacher as an inspiration, so you wouldn't want to fumble in front of them. Be prepared well in advance with the lessons that you will take.
- Be firm, yet friendly and supportive to the students. Overdoing either, might send wrong signals to the student.
- Act fairly with all the students irrespective of how they behave with you. A mistake from the best student of your class calls for the same punishment that you would give others.
You need to understand that classroom management is a skill which has to be practiced throughout your career. As for these strategies, they will help you to cut down on problems and inculcate discipline in your classroom.