What are Graphic Organizers?

What are Graphic Organizers and How Do They Help Process Information

Graphic organizers are a written statement explained in the form of diagrams, like graphs and flowcharts, which are specially designed for under performing and average students to improve their skills of memory.
EduZenith Staff
Last Updated: Mar 22, 2018
Nowadays, students blindly mug up concepts before exams, and write it the very next day. Their scores are good, but the actual result is that they forget the concepts in the coming days, which is called short term memory. Hence, it is of no use to them. To move the concept from short term memory to long term memory, practice is required. Using charts and diagrams helps children think wide and to the core, recall the information, and process it efficiently.

Graphic organizers help improve the following skills in students;
  • Verbal intelligence
  • Logical intelligence
  • Visual intelligence
  • Natural intelligence
Verbal ability is required to write a correct sentence without any grammar mistake, and the intelligence to identify the sound of words and syntax of the language. Logical thinking is essential for children to handle numbers and puzzles. Children think conceptually during problem solving. Visual and natural intelligence is required to visualize, identify, and distinguish things.

Types
The process of visualizing concepts is arranged under three main categories, which have their own sub-categories, and are arranged under a certain complexity.

Sequential
1. Timeline
2. Flowchart
3. Cyclical
4. Hierarchy

Single Main Concepts
1. Continuum
2. Argumentation structure
3. Spider maps

Multiple Concepts
1. Venn diagram
2. Matrix

Sequential
These types of organizers contain information that is arranged in sequence. The concepts are ordered from primitive to complex, for an easier study. Timeline representation of information follows a sequential order. A flowchart contains a series of information that should be completed in order. Cyclic flow involves the system of the current step depending upon the previous steps, and the first step depending upon the last step, i.e., in a cyclic order. Hierarchal type of representation follows a tree-like structure of concepts.

Single Main Concepts
This type includes only the main concept of the information. Hence, it is very easy to follow and recall even after a long time. The range of possible occurrences within the two extremes of the concept, i.e., degree of change between the extreme levels is explained through continuum. Argumentation structure involves estimation of the concept and drawing conclusions. This helps improve logical thinking. A spider map contains central information surrounded by related concepts. The central concept has both primary and secondary levels, which are sub-functioned to the accompanying information.

Multiple Concepts
This type represents an objective with more than one concept. These are complex and elaborated. Venn diagrams play a main role in set theory of mathematics. They are used to associate two or more concepts related to one another. Each concept is indicated by a circle in a Venn diagram. Matrices are arranged in rows and columns. The number of rows and columns may be 'n' numbered, based on the number of concepts related to it. It is used to compare and contrast information.

Graphic organizers are a great benefit for teachers to improvise their students' aptitude and lessen their work. Graphical organizers help students recall the lessons by specific linking. It not only widens up students' knowledge, but also develops the ability of questioning.